Glaucoma affects more than 60 million folks around the world and also the next leading cause of blindness behind cataracts. Both THC and marijuana have been shown to lower intra-ocular pressure, and that is a vital contributor to glaucoma. On the list of most popular applications for medical marijuana is
The most typical type of glaucoma is referred to as major open angle glaucoma plus symbolizes a gradually progressive disorder which destroys cells in the retina as well as degrades the optic nerve. A individuals visual field gets constricted and eventually disappears. The person becomes blind.
3 issues have actually been identified which often create risk factors for glaucoma. The first two are out of an individual’s control = Age and Race. The final, increased intra-ocular pressure, is the individual that is potentially controllable.
Intra-ocular pressure ordinarily results from the eye shape being taken care of by material in the eye called aqueous humor. The fluid moves between the front of the eye and the backside on the cornea. If someone has increased intraocular pressure, the flow of solution from the front side of the eye is restricted, and the pressure rises. It is this fluid that is suspected to provide nutrients to the optic nerve.
Reducing intra-ocular pressure to usual doesn’t guarantee glaucoma prevention, but since it’s the only real controllable risk factor, it is the one that is worked on with medications.
The 2 ways that medications focus on reducing intraocular pressure are as follows:
1) Reducing the generation of aqueous fluid two) Rendering it much easier for the substance to course from the front eye
There are in addition a couple of medical options which aim to attain similar objective.
Many scientific studies have shown the problems of THC and also marijuana on reducing intraocular pressure. Whether the THC is smoked, or eaten, inhaled, intraocular stress is minimized. Applying cannabinoids directly to the eye didn’t do the job however.
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Investigation has not shown us just how cannabinoids reduce IOP. They are employed at reducing IOP for aproximatelly 4 hours. Which means being forced to go 4 to 8 times per day, whereas, you will find various other prescription drugs just necessary twice each day.
The unwanted side effects of marijuana intake, for example the psychoactive effects, may be tough for the older folk to tolerate. Marijuana may cause the heart to “race” and make patients anxious. The IOP in people with glaucoma must be governed continuously since it’s a progressive disease.
With the coming of the most modern medicines that work for controlling the IOP in glaucoma, marijuana is not a very first line remedy for managing it. It’s less efficient as well as most likely much more bothersome compared to the latest medicinal drugs. If, nonetheless, a patient needs a third or second line choice, marijuana could fit the need nicely.